Michigan Probate Form PC 645

Letters Of Conservatorship

Everything you need to know about Michigan Form PC 645, including helpful tips, fast facts & deadlines, how to fill it out, where to submit it and other related MI probate forms.

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About Letters Of Conservatorship

There are all sorts of forms executors, beneficiaries, and probate court clerks have to fill out and correspond with during probate and estate settlement, including affidavits, letters, petitions, summons, orders, and notices.

Letters Of Conservatorship is a commonly used form within Michigan. Here’s an overview of what the form is and means, including a breakdown of the situations when (or why) you may need to use it:

Atticus Fast Facts About Letters Of Conservatorship

Sometimes it’s tough to find a quick summary— here’s the important details you should know about Letters Of Conservatorship:

  • This form pertains to the State of Michigan

  • The relevant probate statute or Michigan laws related to this form include: MCL 700.5412, MCL 700.5417, MCL 700.5418, MCL 700.5423, MCL 700.5427, MCR 5.202, MCR 5.203, MCR 5.205, MCR 5.409

Government forms are not typically updated often, though when they are, it often happens rather quietly. While Atticus works hard to keep this information about Michigan’s Form PC 645 - Letters Of Conservatorship up to date, certain details can change from time-to-time with little or no communication.

How to file Form PC 645

Step 1 - Download the correct Michigan form based on the name and ID if applicable

Double check that you have both the correct form name and the correct form ID. Some Michigan probate forms can look remarkably similar, so it’s best to double, even triple-check that you’re using the right one! Keep in mind that not all States have a standardized Form ID system for their probate forms.

Step 2 - Complete the Document

Fill out all relevant fields in Form PC 645, take a break, and then review. Probate and estate settlement processes in MI are long enough to begin with, and making a silly error can push your timeline even farther back. No thank you!

Note: If you don’t currently know all of the answers and are accessing Form PC 645 online, be sure to avoid closing the browser tab and potentially losing all your progress (or use a platform like Atticus to help avoid making mistakes).

Step 3 - Have Form PC 645 witnessed or notarized (if required)

Some States and situations require particular forms to be notarized. If you have been instructed to get the document notarized or see it in writing on the document, then make sure to hire a local notary. There are max notary fees in the United States that are defined and set by local law. Take a look at our full guide to notary fees to make sure you aren’t overpaying or getting ripped off.

Step 4 - Submit Letters Of Conservatorship to the relevant office

This is most often the local probate court where the decedent (person who passed away) is domiciled (permanently resides) or the institution involved with this particular form (e.g. a bank). Some offices allow you to submit forms online, other’s don’t, and we while we generally recommend going in-person to expedite the process, sometimes that simply isn’t an option.

It’s also a generally good idea to establish a positive working relationship with any probate clerk (unfortunately there’s enough people & process out there making things more difficult and unnecessarily confusing for them), so a best practice is to simply ask the probate clerk proactively exactly how and where they’d prefer you to submit all forms.

Need help getting in touch with a local probate court or identifying a domicile probate jurisdiction?

👉 Find and Contact your Local Probate Court

👉 What is a Domicile Jurisdiction?

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When Letters Of Conservatorship is due

Different probate forms or processes can require different deadlines or response times for completing the appropriate form.

While some steps in the process are bound to specific deadlines (like petitioning for probate, having to submit an inventory of assets, or filing applicable notices to creditors and beneficiaries), many probate forms or processes are not tied to a specific deadline since the scope of work can vary based on situational factors or requirements involved.

Either way, there are a bunch of practical reasons why personal representatives should work to complete each step as thoroughly and quickly as possible when completing probate in Michigan.

5 reasons you should submit PC 645 as quickly as possible:

  1. The sooner you begin, the faster Michigan can allow heirs and beneficiaries to get their share of assets subject to probate. Acting promptly can also decrease the costs & overall mental fatigue through an otherwise burdensome process.

    Helpful Context: What’s the Difference Between Probate and Non-Probate Assets?

  2. In general, creditors of an estate usually have around 3-6 months from the time you file notice to creditors to file any claims for debt against the deceased’s assets. If they don’t, then that debt is forfeited (and more importantly, the executor won’t be held personally responsible). So doing this sooner means you have a better idea of who is owed what and ensures you won’t get a surprise collector months later.

  3. Not filing a will within 30 days (on average) could mean that the probate process proceeds according to intestate laws (laws that govern what happens to someone's stuff without a will) or is subject to unnecessary supervision by the probate court. And if you aren't directly related to the deceased (a.k.a. next of kin), this could also mean you lose your inheritance.

  4. It’s important to file any necessary state tax returns on behalf of the deceased or estate by the following tax season in Michigan. If you don’t, you could owe penalties and interest. This also includes any necessary federal tax returns such as Forms 1040, 1041, or even a Form 706 estate tax return.

  5. If a house in the State of Michigan is left empty (or abandoned) for a while, insurance can get dicey. For example, if the house burns down and no one has been there for a year, an insurance company may get out of paying your claim.

If you’re not using Atticus to get specific forms, deadlines, and timelines for Michigan probate, then try and stay as organized as possible, pay close attention to the dates mentioned in any correspondence you have with the State’s government officials, call the local Michigan probate clerk or court for exact answers regarding Form PC 645, and when in doubt— consult a qualified trust & estates lawyer for that area.

How to Download, Open, and Edit Form PC 645 Online

Letters Of Conservatorship is one of the many probate court forms available for download through Atticus.

It may also be available through some Michigan probate court sites, such as . In order to access the latest version, be updated with any revisions, and get full instructions on how to complete each form, check out the Atticus Probate & Estate Settlement software or consider hiring a qualified legal expert locally within Michigan.

While Atticus automatically provides the latest forms, be sure to choose the correct version of Form PC 645 - Letters Of Conservatorship f using any other site or resource in order to avoid having to re-complete the form process and/or make another trip to the Michigan probate court office.

Letters Of Conservatorship is a .pdf, so opening it should be as simple as clicking “View Form” from within the Atticus app or by clicking the appropriate link found on any Michigan-provided government platform. Once you’ve opened the form, you should be able to directly edit the form before saving or printing.

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Did you know?

  • Form PC 645 - Letters Of Conservatorship is a probate form in Michigan.

  • Michigan has multiple types of probate and the necessary forms depend on the unique aspects of each estate, such as type and value of assets, whether there was a valid will, who is serving as the personal representative or executor, and even whether or not they also live in Michigan.

  • During probate, all personal representatives and executives in are required to submit a detailed inventory of assets that must separate non-probate assets from probate assets.

  • Probate in Michigan, especially without guidance, can take years to finish and cost upwards of $14,000.

Frequently Asked Questions about Letters Of Conservatorship

Probate is the government’s way of making sure that when a person dies, the right stuff goes to the right people (including the taxes the government wants).

All of that stuff is collectively known as someone’s “estate”, and it’s the job of the executor or personal representative to fill out all the forms and complete all the required steps to formally dissolve the estate. 

To get instant clarity on the entire probate process and get an idea of the steps, timeline, and best practices, read the Atticus Beginner’s Guide to Probate

The best place? Create an account in Atticus to start getting estate-specific advice. 

You may need a lawyer, you may not, and paying for one when you didn’t need it really hurts. Atticus makes sure you make  the best decisions (plus you can write it off as an executor expense).

We’ve also created a list of other probate services. Be sure to check it out!

An executor is named in someone’s will, and if the deceased didn’t have a will, then the spouse or other close family relative usually steps up to fulfill the role. If no one wants to do it, then a judge will appoint someone. 

The executor is responsible for the complete management of the probate process, including major responsibilities such as:

  • Creating an inventory of all probate assets.

  • Filling out all necessary forms

  • Paying off all estate debts and taxes

  • Submitting reports to the court and beneficiaries as requested

And much more. This process often stretches longer than a year. 

For an idea of what separates executors who succeed from those who make this way harder than it should be, visit our article, Executors of an Estate:
What they do & secrets to succeeding

The Exact Text on Form PC 645

Here’s the text, verbatim, that is found on Michigan Form PC 645 - Letters Of Conservatorship. You can use this to get an idea of the context of the form and what type of information is needed.

Estate of TO: limited conservator You have been appointedconservator of the estate and are granted power to take possession, collect, preserve, manage, and dispose of property of the estate according to law and to perform all acts permitted or required by statute, court rule, and orders of this court unless limited below. The conservator shall have authority with respect to all assets of the estate. Real estate or ownership interest in a business entity is excluded from your responsibilities in your acceptance of appointment. The conservator shall have authority with respect to the following assets only: Restrictions: The conservator shall not sell or otherwise dispose of the protected individual's principal dwelling, real property or interest in real property, or mortgage, pledge, or cause a lien to be placed on any such property without a prior order of approval. SEE NOTICE OF DUTIES ON SECOND PAGE I certify that I have compared this copy with the original on file and that it is a correct copy of the original, and on this date, these letters are in full force and effect. PC 645 (9/12) LETTERS OF CONSERVATORSHIP FILE NO. JIS CODE: LET Approved, SCAO Name and address Deputy probate register Date City, state, zip Address Attorney name (type or print) Bar no. Bar no. Date Telephone no. Judge Do not write below this line - For court use only LETTERS OF CONSERVATORSHIP MCL 700.5412, MCL 700.5417, MCL 700.5418, MCL 700.5423, MCL 700.5427, MCR 5.202, MCR 5.203, MCR 5.205, MCR 5.409 Conservator's telephone no. STATE OF MICHIGAN PROBATE COURT COUNTY OF USE NOTE: If this form is being filed in the circuit court family division, please enter the court name and county in the upper left-hand corner of the form. NOTICE TO CONSERVATOR OF CERTAIN DUTIES AS REQUIRED BY LAW AND MICHIGAN COURT RULES, YOU ARE NOTIFIED: You are required to file with this court the following written reports using the indicated form(s) at the indicated times. Forms are available at the court. INVENTORY: As the conservator, you are required by law to prepare an inventory of the assets of the estate that you have been given authority over within 56 days from the date of your appointment. You must also provide a copy of the inventory to the protected individual if the individual can be located and if the minor is 14 years of age or older and to interested persons as specified in the Michigan Court Rules. You must also provide the name and address of each financial institution listed on your inventory at the time the inventory is presented to the court. The address for a financial institution shall be either that of the institution's main headquarters or the branch used most frequently by the conservator. (May use form PC 674, Inventory, Conservatorship.) ACCOUNTS: As the conservator, you must file an annual account unless otherwise ordered by the court. An accounting must be filed within 56 days after the end of the accounting period. The accounting period ends on the anniversary date of the issuance of the letters of authority, unless the conservator selects another accounting period or unless the court orders otherwise. If you select another accounting period, notice of that selection shall be filed with the court. The accounting period may be a calendar year or a fiscal year ending on the last day of a month. You may use the same accounting period as that used for income tax reporting, and the first accounting period may be less than a year but not longer than a year. On filing, the account may be set for hearing or the hearing may be deferred to a later time. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, no accounting is required in a minor conservatorship where the assets are restricted or in a conservatorship where no assets have been received by the conservator. (Use form PC 583, PC 584, or PC 648, Account.) In addition, you must provide a copy of the account to the protected individual if the individual can be located and is 14 years of age or older, and to interested persons as specified in the Michigan Court Rules. CHANGE OF ADDRESS: You are required to keep the court and interested persons informed in writing within 7 days of any change in your address. DEATH OF PROTECTED INDIVIDUAL: If the protected individual dies during the conservatorship, you must give written notification to the court within 14 days of the individual's date of death. If accounts are required to be filed with the court, a final account must be filed within 56 days of the date of death. The inventory and all accounts must be served on the required persons at the same time they are filed with the court. After serving the required persons, you must promptly file a proof of service with the court. ATTENTION: The above provisions are reporting duties only and are not the only duties required of you. See MCL 700.5416 through 700.5433 for other duties of the conservator. Your failure to comply with the above reporting duties may require the court to appoint a special fiduciary in your place and to suspend your powers. This may result in your removal as fiduciary. The court is prohibited by statute from giving you legal advice. KEEP THIS NOTICE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE

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